Sunday, 2 August 2009

How Indonesian People Get Nobel Prize in The Future

Central for Research and Development for Winning
Nobel Prize in Physics at Indonesia

Nobel Fisika Indonesia

"Tidak ada alasan mengapa sejarah dan filsafat ilmu tidak harus diajarkan sedemikian rupa untuk membawa pulang ke semua murid kemegahan ilmu pengetahuan dan ruang lingkup penemuan nya."

~P. L. V. P. R. de Broglie~ 

Nobel Prize® medal - registered trademark of the Nobel Foundation

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1929

"for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons"
Prince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie
Prince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie
Sorbonne University, Institut Henri Poincaré
Paris, France
b. 1892
d. 1987
Titles, data and places given above refer to the time of the award.
Photos: Copyright © The Nobel Foundation

Nobel Lecture

Nobel Lecture, December 12, 1929

The Wave Nature of the Electron

The Lecture in Text Format
Pdf 72 kB »
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1929
From Nobel Lectures, Physics 1922-1941, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1965
In order to read the text you need Acrobat Reader.

Louis de Broglie

Born15 August 1892
Dieppe, France
Died19 March 1987 (aged 94)
University of Paris
Alma materSorbonne
Doctoral advisorPaul Langevin
Doctoral studentsJean-Pierre Vigier
Alexandru Proca
Known for
Wave nature of electrons
de Broglie wavelength
Notable awardsNobel Prize in Physics (1929)

Louis-Victor-Pierre-Raymond, 7th duc de BroglieFRS (English pronunciation: /dəˈbrɔɪ/;French: [də bʁœj] ( listen); 15 August 1892 – 19 March 1987) was a French physicistand a Nobel laureate. He was the sixteenth member elected to occupy seat 1 of theAcadémie française in 1944, and served as Perpetual Secretary of the Académie des sciences, France.


Louis de Broglie was born to a noble family in DieppeSeine-Maritime, younger son ofVictor, 5th duc de Broglie. He became the 7th duc de Broglie upon the death without heir in 1960 of his older brother, Maurice, 6th duc de Broglie, also a physicist. He did not marry. When he died in Louveciennes, he was succeeded as duke by a distant cousin,Victor-François, 8th duc de Broglie.
De Broglie had originally intended a career in humanities, and received his first degree inhistory. Afterwards, though, he turned his attention toward mathematics and physics and received a degree in physics. With the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, he offered his services to the army in the development of radio communications.
His 1924 , Recherches sur la théorie des quanta (Research on the Theory of the Quanta), introduced his theory of electron waves. This included the wave-particle duality theory of matter, based on the work of Max Planck and Albert Einstein on light. The thesis examiners, unsure of the material, passed his thesis to Einstein for evaluation who endorsed his wave-particle duality proposal wholeheartedly; de Broglie was awarded his doctorate. This research culminated in the de Broglie hypothesis stating that any moving particle or object had an associated wave. De Broglie thus created a new field in physics, the mécanique ondulatoire, or wave mechanics, uniting the physics of energy (wave) and matter (particle). For this he won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1929.
In his later career, de Broglie worked to develop a causal explanation of wave mechanics, in opposition to the wholly probabilistic models which dominate quantum mechanical theory; it was refined by David Bohm in the 1950s.
In addition to strictly scientific work, de Broglie thought and wrote about the philosophy of science, including the value of modern scientific discoveries.
De Broglie became a member of the Académie des sciences in 1933, and was the academy's perpetual secretary from 1942. On 12 October 1944, he was elected to the Académie française, replacing mathematician Émile Picard. Because of the deaths and imprisonments of Académie members during the occupation and other effects of the war, the Académie was unable to meet the quorum of twenty members for his election; due to the exceptional circumstances, however, his unanimous election by the seventeen members present was accepted. In an event unique in the history of the Académie, he was received as a member by his own brother Maurice, who had been elected in 1934.UNESCO awarded him the first Kalinga Prize in 1952 for his work in popularizing scientific knowledge, and he was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society on 23 April 1953. In 1961 he received the title of Knight of the Grand Cross in the Légion d'honneur. De Broglie was awarded a post as counselor to the French High Commission of Atomic Energy in 1945 for his efforts to bring industry and science closer together. He established a center for applied mechanics at the Henri Poincaré Institute, where research into optics, cybernetics, and atomic energy were carried out. He inspired the formation of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science and was an early member.

1. Wikipedia
2. Nobel Prize Org.

Ucapan Terima Kasih:

1. DEPDIKNAS Republik Indonesia
2. Kementrian Riset dan Teknologi Indonesia
3. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)
4. Akademi Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia
5. Tim Olimpiade Fisika Indonesia
Disusun Ulang Oleh: 
Arip Nurahman

Pendidikan Fisika, FPMIPA, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
Follower Open Course Ware at MIT-Harvard University, USA.
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