## Saturday, 4 July 2009

### How Indonesian People Get Nobel Prize in The Future

Central for Research and Development for Winning

Nobel Prize in Physics at Indonesia

Nobel Fisika Indonesia

"untuk sumbangannya dalam pemeriksaan struktur atom dan radiasi yang keluar darinya"

## The Nobel Prize in Physics 1922

"for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them"

Niels Bohr
Born Niels Henrik David Bohr
7 October 1885
Copenhagen, Denmark
Died 18 November 1962 (aged 77)
Copenhagen, Denmark
Nationality Danish
Fields Physics
Institutions University of Copenhagen
University of Cambridge
University of Manchester
Alma mater University of Copenhagen
Ernest Rutherford
Doctoral students Hendrik Anthony Kramers
Known for Copenhagen interpretation
Complementarity
Bohr model
Sommerfeld–Bohr theory
BKS theory
Bohr-Einstein debates
Bohr magneton
Influences Ernest Rutherford
Influenced Werner Heisenberg
Wolfgang Pauli
Paul Dirac
Lise Meitner
Max Delbrück
and many others
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1922)
Franklin Medal (1929)
Signature
Notes
Harald Bohr is his younger brother, and Aage Bohr is his son.

Niels Henrik David Bohr (Danish pronunciation: [nels ˈboɐ̯ˀ]; 7 October 1885 – 18 November 1962) was a Danish physicist who made fundamental contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. Bohr mentored and collaborated with many of the top physicists of the century at his institute in Copenhagen. He was part of a team of physicists working on the Manhattan Project. Bohr married Margrethe Nørlund in 1912, and one of their sons, Aage Bohr, grew up to be an important physicist who in 1975 also received the Nobel prize. Bohr has been described as one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century.[1]

Niels Bohr (lahir 7 Oktober 1885 – meninggal 18 November 1962 pada umur 77 tahun) adalah seorang ahli fisika dari Denmark dan pernah meraih hadiah Nobel Fisika pada tahun 1922. Pada tahun 1913 Bohr telah menerapkan konsep mekanika kuantum untuk model atom yang telah dikembangkan oleh Ernest Rutherford, yang menggambarkan bahwa atom tersusun dari inti atom (nukleus) yang dikelilingi oleh orbit elektron.

Putranya, Aage Niels Bohr, juga penerima Hadiah Nobel.

## Legacy

• He was one of the founding fathers of CERN in 1954.[25]
• Received the first ever Atoms for Peace Award in 1957.
• In 1965, three years after Bohr's death, the Institute of Physics at the University of Copenhagen changed its name to the Niels Bohr Institute.
• The Bohr models semicentennial was commemorated in Denmark on 21 November 1963 with a postage stamp depicting Bohr, the hydrogen atom and the formula for the difference of any two hydrogen energy levels: $h\nu = \epsilon_{2} - \epsilon_{1}\,$.
• Bohrium (a chemical element, atomic number 107) is named in honour of Bohr.
• Hafnium, another chemical element, whose properties were predicted by Bohr, was named by him after Hafnia, Copenhagen's Latin name.
• Asteroid 3948 Bohr is named after him.
• The Centennial of Bohr's birth was commemorated in Denmark on 3 October 1985 with a postage stamp depicting Bohr with his wife Margrethe.
• In 1997 the Danish National Bank started circulating the 500-krone banknote with the portrait of Bohr smoking a pipe.[26][27]
• Bohr has been a common name in Europe since the Middle Ages.[28] It remains fairly common in Europe and spread to the U.S. with pilgrims named Bohr settling there.[citation needed] There was an notable increase in the middle name Bohr throughout Europe and America following Bohr's death.[citation needed]
• Bohr was referenced in The Simpsons thirteenth season episode entitled I Am Furious Yellow. In the episode, Homer Simpson is looking forward to watching a television show called When Dinosaurs Get Drunk, when it is suddenly announced that it will be replaced with another called The Boring World of Niels Bohr. The opening image is of the scientist and an expanded version of the Bohr model of the atom.

Niels Bohr (1913). "On the Constitution of Atoms and Molecules, Part I". Philosophical Magazine 26: 1–24. The landmark paper laying the Bohr model of the atom and molecular bonding.

Sumber:
1. Wikipedia
2. Nobel Prize Org.

Ucapan Terima Kasih:

1. DEPDIKNAS Republik Indonesia
2. Kementrian Riset dan Teknologi Indonesia
3. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)