Wednesday, 28 September 2011

Question About Gravitation Part III

 "Rasa Keingintahuan umat manusia akan mendorong munculnya penemuan dan penciptaan mahakarya abadi" 

 Edited and Added By:
Arip Nurahman 
Department of Physics Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, 
Indonesian University of Education 
Follower Open Course Ware at MIT-Harvard University, M.A., U.S.A.

"Gravitasi tidak bertanggung jawab terhadap orang-orang yang sedang jatuh cinta"

~Albert Einstein~

Q: Why is Einstein's Special Relativity Theory so bizarre? Is our universe really that strange?
A: Einstein's Special Relativity Theory is all a mistake. Not only can clear errors be found in all supporting experiments and thought experiments, but even Einstein's own mathematical support for his theory has clear fatal errors. One of the flaws is so striking that two key lines were omitted from Einstein's published Special Relativity derivation found in his own book, Relativity: The Special and General Theory, published in 1961. 

A closer look at this derivation shows a large leap of logic that cannot be properly followed unless several missing lines are filled in. There is only one mathematically viable way to fill in these missing lines, which is shown below in simplified form: 

Line 1: x = a + b — note: speed-of-light term, c, has dropped out entirely by this point 
Line 2: x = a + b * (c^2/ c^2) — the undefined symbol, c, is artificially re-introduced

Now, let the symbol y stand for the expression (b * c^2) Line 3: x = a + y / c^2 — the symbol, c, is kept from cancelling by hiding it within y in the numerator The two missing lines, now added above as lines 1 & 2, show that the speed-of-light term drops out of the derivation entirely and should never have appeared in the final equations. 

The above improper mathematical operations are the only way to add it back in, yet do not actually add the speed of light back at all, but only the meaningless letter C from the alphabet. 

Any letter from A to Z could have been chosen, showing how meaningless and arbitrary it was to choose the letter C, which was used to represent the speed of light earlier in the derivation before it dropped out completely. See if you can spot this yourself around lines 6 and 7 in.
Einstein’s own derivation

Further, this is not the only fatal flaw in Einstein's derivation, but one of many. Variables are arbitrarily assigned and reassigned different values, then expressions from earlier in the derivation, which were only valid prior to these arbitrary value changes, are re-used as if they were still valid. In actuality, there is no viable mathematical support for Einstein's Special Relativity Theory at all. 

Don’t believe it? Again, look for yourself at the link above. Einstein's reputation has grown to such heights and his theories have become so deeply ingrained in our science today that few scientists, if any, are willing to seriously investigate this matter and see the errors that are in plain view.

Q: If our universe isn't the bizarre place Einstein claimed it is, why is there apparently so much experimental support? 

A: Examine the support for yourself and you will see it vanish. Einstein was a creative thinker who made great contributions to our science, but it is very dangerous to allow his reputation to blind us to the clear logical flaws and highly questionable claims in the apparent support for his theories. Below is a famous thought experiment frequently used to support Einstein’s Special Relativity theory, yet a little critical analysis shows that it not only fails to support this theory, but it actually disproves many of the core claims of both Special Relativity andGeneral Relativity theories.

Don’t believe it? Who could blame you, given the supposed mountain of support for Einstein and his theories, so read on and judge for yourself!

The Twin Paradox Thought Experiment

This famous thought experiment claims than an astronaut who speeds off close to light speed would return to find his twin far older than him, due to the mysteries of ‘time dilation’ in Special Relativity theory, where time slows down the faster you go. Yet this same theory shows this claim is impossible. Since all speed is relative in Special Relativity, it is just as valid to consider the twin on Earth to be speeding along while the astronaut sits in space, making the astronaut the elder twin in the end.

Two completely different unresolvable outcomes occur simply based on how we think about the situation, which is clearly impossible. Many physicists will either volunteer this famous thought experiment to demonstrate Special Relativity or will sit quietly while others do so, but point out the obvious fatal flaw above and they will immediately retract it, denying the flaw by pointing out that the astronaut was the only one physically accelerating, so there is only one way to look at the situation.

Then they will claim that this accelerated scenario actually puts it in the realm of General Relativity, which verifies this time dilation claim beautifully. At this point everyone usually agrees that it was silly to question Einstein anyway, and the discussion ends.

But wait!

Have you spotted the numerous problems already?

Problem #1: 
This thought experiment famously appears in nearly all introductions to Special Relativity ever presented, as evidence for the bizarre truths of this theory, yet it is always retracted when challenged (and usually only when challenged).

Problem #2:
The basis for the retraction is that a clear logical flaw was demonstrated in the very concept of ‘time dilation’ in Special Relativity – a core feature of the theory and an effect often claimed to have been experimentally verified in support of this theory. It is frequently claimed that satellite GPS systems rely on corrections for ‘time dilation’ according to Special Relativity, or that atomic clocks flown on airplanes have verified ’time dilation’ according to Special Relativity. So the retraction of this famous Special Relativity thought experiment in favor of General Relativity, is no small detail, wiping out enormous theoretical and experimental pillars of support for Special Relativity, in one fell swoop. Yet this fact just sails right past as the focus is nonchalantly switched to General Relativity.

Problem #3:
As the discussion usually ends once the expert claims that General Relativity solves the problem, there is often no burden of proof on the expert to back up even this claim. It is usually sufficient to reference this even less understood theory by our greatest known scientist in order to save face even if the ’expert’ actually knows little or nothing about General Relativity.

Problem #4: 
General Relativity doesn’t solve this problem either! A core concept of General Relativity is that it is fundamentally impossible to distinguish the effect of gravity on Earth from that of accelerating through space at the rate of 1g. This is known as the Principle of Equivalence.

So, even according to General Relativity, the astronaut could accelerate to even 99% of light speed and travel for as long as he wished, and upon return to Earth there would be no mysterious ‘time dilation’ effects whatsoever; his twin would be the same age as him. That is according to both Special Relativity and General Relativity – no ‘relativistic time dilation’, no ‘relativistic mass increase’, and no ‘relativistic length contraction’.

Further, as stated earlier above, General Relativity fails so completely to explain the motion of stars in galaxies that concepts as wild as mysterious ‘Dark Matter’ filling the universe must be invented to try to retain the theory. So, what exactly is going on with all the claims about Einstein’s Relativity Theories by our scientists?

Q: Are there really such elementary problems even with General Relativity?

A: Yes, those mentioned above and more. Consider the central concept of General Relativity itself -- 'warped space-time'. We have all seen the graphic of a rubber sheet ("space-time") deformed by a heavy sphere (the sun), with the planets "following the warp". There are, of course, many serious problems with this notion (neither actual empty space nor proposed "space-time" are physically even remotely like a 2-D rubber sheet, gravity must mysteriously pre-exist to pull the sphere down to cause the warping that is said to cause gravity, what does it even mean to pull the sphere "down" into the "sheet" once this simplified analogy is extended by another dimension to actual 3-D space or 4-D "space-time", etc.) But even allowing this to be a mere visual aid just to capture the imagination, there remains a further glaring problem.

Such a "space-time grid" permeating the universe is an absolute universal reference grid no different than the flawed ether theory it replaced over this very issue. This leaves it as yet another theory of absolutes and not one of relativity at all according to "General Relativity", all motion is in reference to a fixed, absolute 'space-time' grid permeating the universe.

So General Relativity's basic definition completely undoes its very reason for existence, just as shown earlier with Special Relativity. Yet, despite the many serious conceptual flaws at the very core of both relativity theories, such discussions are not even open for sincere consideration in our educational system or science media. Einstein's reputation has been elevated to such god-like heights over the years that to sincerely point out even such clear flaws in plain view is considered unthinkable heresy by many who see themselves as members of the scientific community. Perhaps now, more than ever, we need to heed this quote:

     "Unthinking respect for authority is the greatest enemy of truth"
 ~Albert Einstein~

Q: Since particles never exceed light-speed in accelerators, doesn't this prove Einstein right?

A: No, this simply reveals the true nature of electric and magnetic fields. These experiments claim that tiny subatomic particles gain so much mass near light speed that they are impossible to accelerate any further, even if the entire power output of a city were put to the task.

Sound far-fetched? Yes, of course it is! The only reason particles can't be accelerated past light speed is because that is the limit of the method used to accelerate the particles. If the electric or magnetic fields used for accelerating particles have an inherent speed-of-light acceleration limit themselves then more energy will only make each push more solid, but will never accelerate particles beyond this built-in speed limit of the machine itself. But today's scientists don't truly understand the nature of electricity or magnetism if they did they would be able to explain how magnets cling endlessly to refrigerators.

Q: What about atomic clocks flown on jets, which seem to show Einstein's Time Dilation Effect?

A: Even Einstein’s own theory shows this is impossible! As shown above in the Twin Paradox explanation, Einstein's Special Relativity Theory has a logical flaw, initially appearing to predict such effects, but a closer examination shows that they should not occur. We could consider either the airplane or the Earth below to be in motion since everything is relative, giving totally opposite results. So, even according to Einstein's own theory there should be no absolute time difference when an atomic clock is flown on a jet. This is a theory that clearly displays its own futility, which should be expected from any theory whose basic mathematical support is propped up by clear errors and improper hidden mathematical operations.

So why do we hear reports of success in these atomic clock experiments? Since we have no rational or scientific reason to expect such effects, it stands to reason that these reports are either erroneous or they reflect other effects such as turbulence or acceleration effects on the plane and instruments. Note that although it is commonly stated that atomic clocks operate by reading the inner oscillations of individual atoms, in actuality they are very cumbersome, delicate instruments that operate on the external properties of clouds of atoms as they are accelerated and irradiated by various fields. One could imagine many ways in which the delicate machinery of an atomic clock might be affected by a variety of environmental influences that might occur on an airplane flight.

Again, Einstein's own relativity theory states that we could look at the situation from either perspective a moving atomic clock on a jet or a stationary clock and jet as theEarth moves instead invalidating any claims that one absolute result was experimentally observed.

Q: Isn't there still further evidence that appears to support Special Relativity Theory though?

A: Yes there are still further lab experiments and thought experiments that are commonly touted as proof, each of which can be readily shown to either have clear logical flaws or simple commonsense explanations other than "time dilation", "relativistic mass increase", or "space-time contraction".

Q: Did it really all begin with a "Big Bang" where all the matter in the universe was compressed to a space smaller than an atom?

A: Of course not. Today’s belief in the Big Bang / Expanding Universe theories has even led today’s astronomers to claim that some type of mysterious antigravity force is pushing the galaxies apart -- faster and faster the more distant they are. Such a force has never been observed in any experiment or explained by any scientific theory, and it even violates our most cherished laws of physics.

Where does this mysterious force come from and how is its ever-accelerating effect powered? Even the term "Big Bang" first arose as a disparaging reference to this theory from the noted astronomer Fred Hoyle.

The only reason this concept ever arose is because light from distant galaxies is Red-Shifted i.e. it arrives with its colors shifted toward the low end of the visible spectrum where red light resides. It was assumed that this was the same as the Doppler Effect for sound, which describes the shift to lower frequencies in sound waves from objects that are speeding away.

However, sound waves are completely different from light. Sound is not pure "sound energy" but compression waves within an atmosphere of air molecules, while light is considered to be a very strange form of pure energy, full of "quantum-mechanical" mysteries and paradoxes.

Not only is there no clear scientific reason to link the Doppler Effect of sound with the Red Shift of light, but it is well known that light is easily red shifted by simply passing it through gases or plastics. The Compton Effect is a very well known cause for shifts in light frequency, and has nothing to do with motion of the light source.

And as any astronomer knows, distant starlight passes through billions of light-years of various gases, plasmas, and fields before arriving at our telescopes. Is it any surprise that the further away a galaxy is, the more Red-Shifted its light?

Q: OK, so scientists are still struggling to even explain gravity, but isn’t this just academic? Doesn't today's science still function fine?

A: Absolutely not! As just mentioned, we have no explanation for the power source for gravity, we have numerous theories of gravity in our science right now (Newton’s, Einstein’s, Quantum Gravity, MOND, TeVeS, etc.), and all these theories have impossible physical implications that overturn everything we know about matter and energy, violate our laws of physics or simply fall apart upon serious critical inspection. The recent "Dark Matter" and "Dark Energy" inventions are prime examples. This is no small failure of our current science!

Q: It is often stated that Quantum Mechanics is one of the most accurate and elegant theories in science. Is this correct?

A: Given our lack of understanding of so much in nature today,we have no choice but to invent theories and refine or even hammer them into experimental agreement. There is no doubt that something very different occurs within the atom (and in the phenomenon known as energy today), and it shouldn't be surprising that we are resourceful enough to invent some sort of explanation, but we have mistaken models for reality.Quantum Mechanics is merely a very bizarre, mysterious mathematical model that has undergone tremendous work by generations of scientists straining for experimental agreement. As a result, it makes all manner of counterintuitive, bizarre claims about our world, when in actuality ours is a very simple, commonsense world when seen from the right perspective. To quote from the article:

by staff writer and editor George Musser, Scientific American, Sept 2004:

"As Einstein was among the first to realize, quantum mechanics, too, is incomplete. It offers no reason for why individual physical events happen, provides no way to get at objects' intrinsic properties and has no compelling conceptual foundations."

And from "The Master's Mistakes" by Karen Wright, Discover magazine, Sept 2004:

"In the 1920s quantum mechanics became the rage, and it advanced by leaps and bounds, thanks in large part to Einstein's persistent efforts to discredit it."

Q: Is light really sometimes a wave and sometimes a particle (the photon)?

A: The true nature of light has been hotly debated for centuries. Today's science states light is mysteriously both a wave and a particle, depending on the detection method. This bizarre belief even leads to the conclusion that detecting starlight as either a wave or a particle then instantly reaches back billions of years in space and time to determine the corresponding form in which the light was originally transmitted. Such impossible time travel beliefs show just how lost today's science is due to its blind belief in quantum-mechanical theory as the truephysical description of nature.

In fact, it is very easy to debunk even our simplest beliefs about light today. For example, it is currently believed light-waves somehow "cancel" in "destructive interference" when they meet out of phase so that the peaks of one wave coincide with the valleys of another.
Yet, a simple experiment crossing 2 light-beams from common laser pointers shows that it is impossible for light to vanish into thin air simply because 2 beams are mis-aligned (out of phase). In fact, it is a violation of the Law Of Conservation Of Energy to even expect this to occur. Light is not a mysterious quantum-mechanical wave-particle entity, but something much simpler to understand.

Q: But don't the famous Double-Slit experiments verify both the wave theory of light and its bizarre quantum-mechanical particle nature?

A: No. In fact, quite the opposite. For generations this erroneous belief has simply been repeated without thinking it through. The wavelike interference pattern in this experiment is always equated to water waves interfering. But water waves are not "waves of pure water energy" in the same manner that we think of waves of light energy; they are a wavelike group behavior of countless particles (water molecules). Interference patterns between water waves are the result of interaction between groups of particles, not "waves of pure water energy".
So, why is this analogy used as proof that a similar interference pattern between light-beams is an interaction between "waves of pure light energy"? Simply because our instructors merely accept and repeat what they’ve been told, mentally locking themselves and us into the flawed science legacy that we have inherited. In actuality though, the Double Slit experiment is clear evidence for an interaction between groups of countless particlesof light, just as the water-wave analogy would imply.

But what is meant by "particles of light"? This is not a reference to today's even more mysterious quantum-mechanical photons, but something much simpler that arises from the same sub-atomic principle that runs throughout The Final Theory. Also, this new perspective solves the mystery of why an interference pattern appears even when individual light photons are shot one by one through the slits.

The answer is really quite simple and straightforward, removing all the mysterious and bizarre "quantum-mechanical" myths we are taught today. Further, with the new understanding that this experiment shows group particle interaction and not individual energy wave iinterference, it is now easy to see why experiments with beams of electrons also show a similar interference pattern.

Far from proof that even matter (electrons) has a bizarre wave-particle dual nature (as Quantum Mechanics states today), this merely shows straightforward particle interaction, just as we would expect from electrons. 
But what does this all mean?

To Be Continued