Sunday, 25 December 2011

Para Peraih Nobel dari California Institue of Technology IV


Douglas Osheroff (with David Lee and Robert Richardson) was honored with the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physics for discovering the transition of helium-3 into a superfluid state.

Osheroff attended Caltech as an undergraduate, earning his BS degree in physics in 1967. He went to Cornell to do his graduate work, where he studied under David Lee, his future fellow Nobel laureate. After receiving his PhD in 1972, he went to work at Bell Labs for the next 15 years, where he did research during what was considered the golden era at the labs.

In 1987, he left to become a professor of physics at Stanford University, where he continues to work on superfluid and solid helium-3. Besides supervising his graduate students, he also teaches undergraduate physics, and has won Stanford’s Gores Award for excellence in teaching.


Robert Merton shared the 1997 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (with Myron Scholes) for his work in developing models for risk evaluation of options and other derivatives.

Merton received his BS in engineering mathematics in 1966 from Columbia University. He then went to Caltech to pursue a PhD in applied mathematics. During his first year there, he decided to study economics. Since Caltech in 1967 had yet to add a graduate economics program, Merton had to seek elsewhere for a doctoral program. 

His Caltech master’s degree served him well, however, for he appreciated Caltech’s “creed of placing students from the outset in a research framework . . . instead of merely passively learning the material.” As a doctoral student at MIT he studied under well-known economist Paul Samuelson. 

After earning his PhD in 1970, he taught finance for 18 years at MIT’s Sloan School of Management, where he met Myron Scholes. Merton moved to Harvard Business School in 1988, where he is currently John and Natty McArthur University Professor.

He is also a principal and co-founder of Long-Term Capital Management.

AHMED H. ZEWAIL (b.1946)

Ahmed H. Zewail won the 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his groundbreaking work in viewing and studying chemical reactions at the atomic level as they occur. 

He is internationally known as a pioneer in the field of femtochemistry, in which investigators use ultrafast lasers to probe chemical reactions in real time. Because reactions can take place in a millionth of a billionth of a second, Zewail's state-of-the-art lasers have made it possible to observe and study this motion for the first time, allowing scientists to understand at a fundamental level how chemical bonds form and break.

Femtochemistry has had wide-ranging impact on chemistry and photobiology all over the world.

Zewail, a native of Egypt and now a U.S. citizen, is Linus Pauling Professor of Chemical Physics and professor of physics at Caltech. He received both his bachelor's and his master's degrees from Alexandria University. He earned his doctorate from the University of Pennsylvania in 1974 and joined the Caltech faculty in 1976.


Leland Hartwell was awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (with co-recipients Timothy Hunt and Paul Nurse) “for his discoveries of a specific class of genes that control the cell cycle. One of these genes called ‘start’ was found to have a central role in controlling the first step of each cell cycle. Hartwell also introduced the concept ‘checkpoint,’ a valuable aid to understanding the cell cycle.”

By combining mutants and time-lapse photomicroscopy, Hartwell has identified 32 genes that regulate the cell cycle, and he has used genetics to define many of the steps in the signal transduction pathway that feeds into start, a control point in the cell cycle. The gene controlling start, CDC28, was cloned in his lab and was the first CDK identified. 

He has discovered that limitation or overexpression of many essential cell-cycle components leads to errors in chromosome transmission.

After graduating from Caltech in 1961 with a BS in biology, Hartwell received his PhD from MIT in 1964. He is a full professor at the University of Washington, where he has been since 1968. In 1996 he joined the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center as a full member and senior advisor for scientific affairs, and in 1997 was named president and director of the center.


Vernon L. Smith shared the 2002 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences with Princeton's Daniel Kahneman. Smith was recognized "for having established laboratory experiments as a tool in empirical economic analysis, especially in the study of alternative market mechanisms." His research focuses on real people facing real choices (and with the potential to earn real money payoffs) to create data on economic choices and incentives.
Smith received his BS degree in electrical engineering from Caltech in 1949. As a senior, he had taken an economics course, which so intrigued him that he decided to pursue the subject further. He earned a master's degree at the University of Kansas, and then a PhD at Harvard, both in economics, and joined the faculty at Purdue. 

In the years that followed, he also taught at Stanford, Brown, and the University of Massachusetts. In the early 1970s he began a long-standing collaboration with Caltech experimental economist Charles Plott, and spent 1973-74 at the Institute as a Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Scholar. 

He stayed on in California through 1974-75 with a joint appointment at Caltech and USC. In 1975 he moved to the University of Arizona, where he remained for 26 years. Smith is currently professor of economics and law at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, a research scholar in the Interdisciplinary Center for Economic Science, and a fellow of the Mercatus Center.


Hugh David Politzer won the 2004 Nobel Prize in physics for work he began as a graduate student on how the elementary particles known as quarks are bound together to form the protons and neutrons of atomic nuclei.
Politzer, a professor of theoretical physics at Caltech, shares the prize with David Gross and Frank Wilczek. The key discovery was made in 1973, when Politzer, a Harvard University graduate student at the time, and two physicists working independently from Politzer at Princeton University—Gross and his graduate student Wilczek—theorized that quarks actually become bound more tightly the farther they get from each other.

ROBERT H. GRUBBS (b. 1942)

Robert H. Grubbs shared the 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Yves Chauvin (Institut Français du Pétrole) and Richard R. Schrock (MIT) for "the development of the metathesis method in organic synthesis." Metathesis is an organic reaction in which chemists selectively strip out certain atoms in a compound and replace them with atoms that were previously part of another compound, resulting in a custom-built molecule with specialized properties. 

Grubbs's work on olefin metathesis in particular has produced powerful new catalysts that have enabled the custom synthesis of valuable molecules, among them pharmaceuticals and polymers with novel materials properties.
Grubbs earned his bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Florida in 1963 and 1965, respectively. He received his PhD from Columbia University in 1968, then spent a year at Stanford as a postdoctoral fellow before joining the Michigan State University faculty. 

He came to Caltech in 1978 as a full professor, and was named the Victor and Elizabeth Atkins Professor of Chemistry in 1990.


California Institute of Technology

Nobel Prize

Sunday, 18 December 2011

The Indonesian Aerospace Industries Association

The government frequently seeks advice from IAIA on issues, and IAIA provides a forum for government and industry representatives to exchange views and resolve problems on non-competitive matters related to the aerospace industry.

In the future, more than 100 major aerospace and defense companies are members of the association, embodying every high-technology manufacturing segment of the Indoneisa aerospace and defense industry from commercial aviation and avionics, to manned and unmanned defense systems, to space technologies and satellite communications.

IAIA's Mission

The Aerospace Industries Association of Indonesia, Inc. shapes public policy that ensures the Indonesia aerospace, defense, and homeland security industry remains preeminent and that its members are successful and profitable in a changing global market.

IAIA is the voice of the aerospace, defense, and homeland security industry, representing the nation’s leading manufacturers and suppliers of civil, military, and business aircraft, helicopters, UAVs, space systems, aircraft engines, missiles, materiel, and related components, equipment, services, and information technology.

Serving its members and the nation, IAIA establishes industry goals and strategies, achieving consensus among its members and national and global stakeholders and implementing solutions to industry-wide issues related to national and homeland security, civil aviation, and space.

IAIA's Vision

IAIA is the Indonesia aerospace, defense, and homeland security industry’s bridge to the future, uniting all industry segments in the global marketplace of the 21st century.

As a highly visible, proactive, and solution-oriented organization, IAIA is recognized and trusted by its members, industry, government, the international community, the news media, and the public as the premier organization representing the Indonesia aerospace, defense, and homeland security industry and its collective interests.

Our Guiding Principles

The Aerospace Industries Association of Indonesia, Inc. will:
  1. Adhere to the highest standards of ethical conduct.
  2. Commit to seeking consensus positions on all issues of importance to our entire membership while maintaining free and open discussion and ensuring all views are heard.
  3. Communicate to all audiences openly, clearly, promptly, and honestly.
  4. Meet the challenges of a global aerospace, defense, and homeland security industry.
  5. Enhance and promote flight safety and security as the foundation for maintaining the public’s trust in the aviation system.
  6. Develop and maintain partnerships and coalitions with government and national and global stakeholders who share our goals to identify solutions, achieve change, and maximize efficient use of resources.
  7. Maintain excellence through leadership and the quality of our actions, services, relationships, and knowledge of the issues.
  8. Ensure an equal opportunity environment and value the strength diversity brings to our workforce.
  9. Serve the entire membership according to the association bylaws and the direction of the Board of Governors.
  10. Encourage industry programs that are designed to reduce environmental impacts and enhance worker health.

Ucapan Terima Kasih:



1. PT. Dirgantara Indonesia
3. AIA

Saturday, 17 December 2011

Mengoptimalkan E-Journal Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional

"Mari Kita Pelajari Setiap Aspek dalam Ipteks Atom dan Nuklir"
*Arip Nurahman*

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SIGMA EPSILON - Majalah Ilmiah Teknologi Keselamatan Nuklir

SIGMA EPSILON adalah majalah ilmiah yang menyajikan makalah hasil kegiatan riset dan kegiatan teknis penunjang riset lainnya yang dilaksanakan di Pusat Reaktor dan Keselamatan Nuklir (PTRKN) Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional.
Lihat Jurnal | Terbitan Terkini | Daftar

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Jurnal Pengembangan Energi Nuklir


Jurnal ini ter akreditasi LIPI No. 131/Akred-LIPI/p2MBI/06/2008
Lihat Jurnal | Terbitan Terkini | Daftar

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Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Nuklir Indonesia


Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Nuklir Indonesia terbit dua kali setahun yaitu bulan Februari dan Agustus. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Nuklir Indonesia memuat hasil penelitian yang berhubungan dengan sains dan teknologi nuklir dalam bidang: fisika, kimia, biologi, ilmu bahan, teknologi reaktor, konversi energi, instrumentasi, kesehatan, pertanian, industri, geologi dan lingkungan.
Lihat Jurnal | Terbitan Terkini | Daftar

Pameran Poster Mengenai Pendidikan, Riset dan Inovasi IPTEK Nuklir di Kampus FPMIPA Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Kita dapat mengubah dan mendesain paper-paper ilmiah Iptek Nuklir menjadi Poster yang menarik

Bila kita mampu membangun himpunan-himpunan peneliti kecil di tiap sekolah tinggi/kampus di Indonesia mengenai Iptek Nuklir ini, kemungkinan besar percepatan perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan Nuklir di tanah air akan semakin dahsyat dan masyarakat kita di kemudian hari dapat memetik manfaatnya.


Sumber: Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional

Kunjungi juga:  (BATAN) (International Atomic Energy Agency)  (Sekolah Sains dan Teknologi Nuklir) (Masyarakat Nuklir Indonesia) (Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Nuklir BATAN) (Nuclear Engineering OpenCourseWare from MIT) (Jurusan Pendidikan Fisika, FPMIPA Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia)

Ucapan Terima Kasih Kepada:

Kak Rezy Pradipta, Ph.D. (Alumni Tim Olimpiade Fisika Indonesia, Belajar di Department of Nuclear Engineering at MIT)

Dr. Mohamed Mustafa ElBaradei, J.S.D. (Former Director General of IAEA)

Prof. Mujid S. Kazimi, Ph.D. (Director, Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems MIT)

Prof.Djarot Sulistio Wisnubroto, M.Sc., D.Sc. (Presiden BATAN)

Kak Iqbal Robiyana, S.Pd. (Founder Center for Nuclear Education at Indonesia University of Education)

Dr. Petros Aslanyan, M.Sc. (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Rusia & Yerevan State University)

Semangat Semoga Bermanfaat

Sunday, 11 December 2011

Para Peraih Nobel yang Hebat

Penghargaan Nobel dianugrahkan setiap tahun kepada mereka yang telah melakukan penelitian yang luar biasa, menemukan teknik atau peralatan yang baru atau telah melakukan kontribusi luar biasa ke masyarakat. 

Hal ini saat ini dianggap sebagai penghargaan tertinggi bagi mereka yang mempunyai jasa besar terhadap dunia. 

 Presiden SBY dan Peraih Nobel Perdamaian Prof. Muhammad Yunus

Ucapan Terima Kasih:

1. DEPDIKNAS Republik Indonesia
2. Kementian Riset dan Teknologi Indonesia
3. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI)
4. Akademi Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia

Disusun Ulang Oleh: Arip Nurahman Pendidikan Fisika FPMIPA Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia dan Follower Open Course Ware at MIT-Harvard University, USA Semoga Bermanfaat dan Terima Kasih

Saturday, 10 December 2011

Aerospace Manufacturer

In the European Union, aerospace companies such as EADS, BAE Systems, Thales, Dassault, Saab AB and Finmeccanica account for a large share of the global aerospace industry and research effort, with the European Space Agency as one of the largest consumers of aerospace technology and products.

In Russia, large aerospace companies like Oboronprom and the United Aircraft Building Corporation (encompassing Mikoyan, Sukhoi, Ilyushin, Tupolev, Yakovlev, and Irkut which includes Beriev) are among the major global players in this industry.

In the United States, the Department of Defense and NASA are the two biggest consumers of aerospace technology and products. The Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States reported that the aerospace industry employed 444,000 wage and salary jobs in 2004, many of which were in Washington and California. This is down from the peak years during the Reagan Administration when total employment exceeded 1,000,000 aerospace industry workers. During that period of recovery a special program to restore US competitiveness across all US industries, Project Socrates, contributed to employment growth as the U.S. aerospace industry captured 72 percent of the global aerospace market. By 1999 US share of the global market fell to 52 percent. Leading companies like Boeing, United Technologies Corporation and Lockheed Martin Corp. are among the most widely known aerospace manufacturers in the world.

Important locations of the civil aerospace industry worldwide include Seattle, Dayton, Ohio and St. Louis in the USA (Boeing), Montreal in Canada (Bombardier), Toulouse in France and Hamburg in Germany (both Airbus/EADS), the North-West of England and Bristol in the UK (BAE Systems, Airbus and AgustaWestland), as well as São José dos Campos in Brazil where Embraer is based. Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Irkutsk in Russia.

In the aerospaces & defense industry, a lot of consolidation has appeared over the last couple of decades. Between 1988 and 2010, worldwide more than 5'452 mergers & acquisitions with a total known value of 579 bil. USD have been announced. The largest transactions have been: the merger of Boeing with McDonnell valued at 13.4 bil. USD in 1996, Marconi Electronic Systems, a subsidiary of General Electric, was acquired by British Aerospace for 12.9 bil. USD in 1999 (now called: BAE Systems), and Raytheon acquired Hughes Aircraft for 9.5 bil. USD in 1997.

See also

Wednesday, 7 December 2011


A spacecraft (or spaceship) is a vehicle, vessel or machine designed to fly in outer space. Spacecraft are used for a variety of purposes, including communications, earth observation, meteorology, navigation, planetary exploration and transportation of humans and cargo.

On a sub-orbital spaceflight, a spacecraft enters space and then returns to the surface, without having gone into an orbit. For orbital spaceflights, spacecraft enter closed orbits around the Earth or around other celestial bodies. Spacecraft used for human spaceflight carry people on board as crew or passengers from start or on orbit (space stations) only, while those used for robotic space missions operate either autonomously or telerobotically. Robotic spacecraft used to support scientific research are space probes. Robotic spacecraft that remain in orbit around a planetary body are artificial satellites. Only a handful of interstellar probes, such as Pioneer 10 and 11, Voyager 1 and 2, and New Horizons, are currently on trajectories that leave our Solar System.

Orbital spacecraft may be recoverable or not. By method of reentry to Earth they may be divided in non-winged space capsules and winged spaceplanes.

Currently, only twenty-four nations have spaceflight technology: Russia (Russian Federal Space Agency), the United States (NASA, the US Air Force, SpaceX (a U.S private aerospace company)), the member states of the European Space Agency, the People's Republic of China (China National Space Administration), Japan (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), and India (Indian Space Research Organisation).

Thursday, 1 December 2011

Foam Rocket

Audience: Educators
Grades: 4-12

Students will construct rockets made from pipe insulating foam and use them to investigate the trajectory relationship between launch angle and range in a controlled investigation.

Foam Rocket [997KB PDF file]

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This activity is part of the Rockets Educator Guide.

Build and Launch a Foam Rocket

Build a rubber-band-powered rocket and launch it at various angles to learn about rocket stability and trajectory. This lesson provides students with an excellent hands-on perspective on key mathematical concepts as well as data analysis and reasoning.  

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1. NASA for Educator
2. NASA-Caltech Jet Propulsion Laboratory