Saturday, 23 June 2012

Manfaat Fisika Nuklir dan Partikel

Mempelajari dan Meneliti Fisika Nuklir dan Partikel sangat bermanfaat untuk perkembangan IPTEK di Negeri ini, kita perlu sumber energi besar kini dan masa depan.

Kita harus bisa membangun PLTN berkapasitas total 100.000 MW di negeri ini.

Melahirkan banyak Ilmuwan IPTEK Nuklir dan Fisika Partikel

Particle physics is a branch of physics which studies the nature of particles that are the constituents of what is usually referred to as matter and radiation. In current understanding, particles are excitations of quantum fields and interact following their dynamics. 

Although the word "particle" can be used in reference to many objects (e.g. a proton, a gas particle, or even household dust), the term "particle physics" usually refers to the study of the fundamental objects of the universe fields that must be defined in order to explain the observed particles, and that cannot be defined by a combination of other fundamental fields. 

The current set of fundamental fields and their dynamics are summarized in a theory called the Standard Model, therefore particle physics is largely the study of the Standard Model's particle content and its possible extensions.

Sub Atomic Particle and Nuclear Research

Modern particle physics research is focused on subatomic particles, including atomic constituents such as electrons, protons, and neutrons (protons and neutrons are composite particles called baryons, made of quarks), produced by radioactive and scattering processes, such as photons, neutrinos, and muons, as well as a wide range of exotic particles. 

To be specific, the term particle is a misnomer from classical physics because the dynamics of particle physics are governed by quantum mechanics. As such, they exhibit wave-particle duality, displaying particle-like behavior under certain experimental conditions and wave-like behavior in others. 

In more technical terms, they are described by quantum state vectors in a Hilbert space, which is also treated in quantum field theory. Following the convention of particle physicists, elementary particles refer to objects such as electrons and photons as it is well known that those types of particles display wave-like properties as well.