Saturday, 15 June 2013

Ketika "Hulk" Bicara Energi Hijau

Mark Ruffalo Visits Stanford to Talk Clean Energy

Life imitated art when MARK RUFFALO, the actor who plays scientist Dr. Bruce Banner (aka “The Hulk”) in the blockbuster film The Avengers, came to Stanford University.

The Oscar-nominated actor/director teamed up with Mark Jacobson, a real-life scientist and senior fellow with the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment and the Precourt Institute for Energy, for an informal discussion with students about a nascent initiative to convert the world to renewable energy.

The talk was part of a series of planned dialogues Ruffalo and Jacobson had with Stanford students and staff at companies such as Google, Facebook and Tesla Motors. Joining Ruffalo and Jacobson were clean energy advocates Marco Krapels, executive vice president of Rabobank, and Jon Wank, co-president of Skadaddle Media.

Dr. Bruce Banner: "So he's building another portal. That's what he needs Erik Selvig for."
Thor: "Selvig?"
Dr. Bruce Banner: "He is an astrophysicist." 

Thor: "He is friend"

Mark Alan Ruffalo (born November 22, 1967) is an American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. Known for portraying Marvel Comics character Bruce Banner / The Hulk in Marvel's The Avengers (2012), he has also starred in films such as You Can Count on Me (2000), Collateral (2004), Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004), Just Like Heaven (2005), Zodiac (2007), and Shutter Island (2010).

For his role in The Kids Are All Right (2010), he received an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor.

“It’s the right time for this,” Ruffalo told the 30 or so audience members, most of them students in the Atmosphere/Energy Program Jacobson heads in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. People are more aware of and more ready than ever to grapple with climate and energy problems, Ruffalo said, adding, “Now we’re able to talk about it without going through a centralized media.”

Ruffalo explained that his interest in creating a roadmap to repower the energy infrastructure with clean energy began when he moved to upstate New York a few years ago and learned about hydrofracking, a polluting natural gas extraction method used in the region. “It sounded more and more like a nightmare,” he said.

Local involvement around the hydrofracking issue led to a broader engagement in the sustainability movement for Ruffalo, who has been speaking out to his social media followers and the blogosphere about the need for clean energy. Ruffalo connected with Jacobson and Josh Fox, the director of the 2010 fracking documentary Gasland, at an event in San Francisco last year.

Apa Itu Energi Hijau?

Definisi energi hijau paling sederhana adalah energi yang dihasilkan dari sumber energi yang lebih ramah lingkungan (atau "hijau") dibandingkan dengan bahan bakar fosil (batubara, minyak, dan gas alam). Karena itulah energi hijau mencakup semua sumber energi terbarukan (surya, angin, panas bumi, biofuel, tenaga air), dan menurut definisi juga harus mencakup energi nuklir meskipun ada banyak penggiat lingkungan yang menentang gagasan mengenai energi nuklir masuk ke dalam energi hijau karena nuklir memiliki masalah limbah, dan efeknya yang berbahaya terhadap lingkungan.

Terminologi energi hijau diciptakan untuk memisahkan bahan basar fosil yang mengakibatkan tingkat polusi yang tinggi dengan bahan bakar lainnya yang mengakibatkan polusi lebih rendah dan ramah lingkungan seperti pada sumber energi terbarukan. Perubahan iklim telah menjadi ancaman global, dan dunia perlu menemukan pilihan energi bersih (lebih sedikit emisi), dan dengan demikian energi hijau penting untuk terus berkembang.

 Para Avengers Berkumpul

The three had an in-depth conversation about Jacobson’s work with Mark DeLucchi at the University of California-Davis to develop a global renewable energy plan. The plan – featured on the cover of Scientific American is a blueprint for building an energy grid based only on clean sources such as solar, wind and hydroelectric. This grid, not subject to price fluctuations, would eliminate energy insecurity, air pollution and global warming.

Following that dinner conversation, Ruffalo, Jacobson, Fox and researchers at Cornell University began reaching out to other scientists, business people and cultural figures to further develop a roadmap for repowering the world. The effort would galvanize support for a clean-energy economy at state, national and, eventually, global levels. Jacobson described it as a “grand vision” involving science, economics, policy, finance, multimedia and activism. Ruffalo and Jacobson wrote about their vision in the Huffington Post earlier this month.

The next step will focus on informing policymakers about viable options for converting to a clean-energy economy, Jacobson told the Stanford audience. Beyond that crucial component, the way forward will not have to depend on good intentions alone, he added. “This will be driven a lot by people who want to make money,” he said of developers interested in building renewable energy infrastructure. Krapels echoed that sentiment, saying that Rabobank, the world’s largest agricultural bank, is interested in how renewable energy can save money for its clients. “We’ve been looking at this very much from a business perspective.”

During a question-and-answer session, students offered suggestions for connecting with college students, ranging from campus advocates to conferences.

One student’s suggestions of imitating a Stanford/NASA teacher-training partnership elicited particular interest from the speakers.

 "The Iron Man and The Hulk Together"

Energi hijau masih tidak cukup kuat untuk bersaing dengan bahan bakar fosil. Hal ini terutama karena energi hijau masih menjadi pilihan energi yang secara signifikan lebih mahal dibandingkan dengan bahan bakar fosil, dan dengan demikian banyak negara, terutama negara berkembang, tetap menggunakan bahan bakar fosil yang lebih murah seperti batubara.

Istilah energi hijau tidak hanya mencakup sumber energi terbarukan tetapi dapat diperluas untuk mencakup konservasi energi (contohnya energi hijau juga dipakai untuk menyebut bangunan yang dibangun dengan cara agar tetap dingin di siang hari dan tetap panas di malam hari melalui desain arsitektur yang tidak mengandalkan AC atau sistem pemanas ruangan).

Promosi energi hijau tidak hanya dengan menggunakan sumber energi terbarukan di tahun-tahun mendatang, tetapi juga untuk membuat dominasi teknologi bahan bakar fosil saat ini menjadi lebih hijau dan mengurangi tingkat polusi (seperti teknologi batubara bersih).

Istilah energi hijau kadang-kadang diidentifikasikan dengan istilah energi berkelanjutan, tetapi hal ini tidak sepenuhnya benar karena energi yang berkelanjutan juga mencakup teknologi untuk meningkatkan efisiensi energi. Energi hijau tidak mengacu pada efisiensi sumber energi terbarukan tetapi hanya menekankan pada dampak positif mereka terhadap lingkungan (dibandingkan dengan bahan bakar fosil).

Mari kita kembangkan Energi Hijau, kalau "Hulk" saja peduli, apa lagi kita?

Semoga Bermanfaat


1. Stanford University
2. The Avengers 
3. Indonesia Energi
[Masyarakat Energi Terbarukan Indonesia]

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